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Background music : Grand Old Flag

alflag.gif al-flag.gif Alabama State Flag

The Alabama state flag was authorized by the Alabama Legislature on 16 Feb 1895. It's the only state flag that is exactly square. Crimson Cross of St. Andrew on a white field. The flying Alabama flag demonstrates the fact that our flag is usually made to the standard deminisions.

The Flag of the United States of America

During rendition of the national anthem when the flag is displayed, all present except those in uniform should stand at attention facing the flag with the right hand over the heart. Men not in uniform should remove their headdress with their right hand and hold it at the left shouder, the hand being over the heart. Persons in uniform should render the military salute at the first note of the anthem and retain this position until the last note. When the flag is not displayed, those present should face toward the music and act in the same manner they would if the flag were displayed there.

bedford.gif Bedford

The oldest known Flag in the United States. It was carried at the Battle of Concord, 19 April 1775 the opening day of the American Revolution, and is still in existence today in Bedford, MA.

Betsy Ross Flag

This flag was adopted June 14, 1777 (Flag Day). The Continental Congress on this day resolved, "That the flag of the United States be thirteen stripes alternating red and white; that the Union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new constellation". The circular design was by George Washington, Francis Hopkins and Betsy Ross. The Congress however did not specify an arrangement for the stars in the canton, as a result there are many variations in the flags that followed until 1912.

Bennington 1776

This flag flew over the military stores in Bennington, Vermont, on August 16, 1777. The American militia led by General John Stark, defeated a large British raiding force, thus protecting the military supplies at Bennington. Note that this flag begins with a white stripe.

Grand Union

On the night of June 16-17, 1775, the Americans fortified Breed's and Bunker Hills overlooking Boston Harbor. Although they had not officially declared their independence, a fight was underway. When the British advanced up the slope the next day they saw an early New England flag, possibly a red or blue banner. Many early Colonial flags had been made by altering the English flag and most still contained a reference to the mother country. This was an example that the Colonists still saw themselves as British subjects but were declaring their right to be free from violation of their liberties.

1st Navy Stars and Stripes

Most people believe that the Betsy Ross was the first design, but the first documented U.S.A. flag was the staggered star pattern. This flag was first flown by Captain John Paul Jones on the USS Ranger. On April 24,1778 John Paul Jones, in command of the Ranger, became the first American officer to have the American flag recognized by a foreign power. The original 13 states: CT, DE, GA, MD, MA, NH, NJ, NY, NC, PA, RI, SC, VA.

britunio.gif The Kings Colours

This flag design was created by King James VI of Scotland when he became King of England in 1603. It was created by combining England's red cross of ST. George with Scotland's white cross of ST. Andrew. This was the flag that flew above all the early English settlements in the new world. It was the most commonly used flag in the English colonies until the beginning of the Revolutionary War in 1775.

continen.gif Continental

This flag uses a version of the British Red Ensign or Meteor flag with a green New England Pine tree substituted for the Union flag in the canton. The Continental flag is believed to have been carried at the Battle of Bunker Hill.

greenmt.gif Green Mountain Boys

On August 16, 1777 the "Green Mountain Boys" fought under General Stark at the Battle of Bennington. It's green field represented their name and the thirteen white stars a tribute to the thirteen colonies. A notable victory of the Green Mountain Boys under Ethan Allen, occurred on the morning of May 10, 1775, when they silently invaded the British held Fort Ticonderoga and demanded its surrender "In the name of the great Jehovah and the Continental Congress". The captured cannon and mortars were transported across the snow covered mountains of New England and their installation on the heights over Boston Harbor enabled Washington to force the British to leave that important seaport.

serapis.gif Serapis

This flag is unique in both its red, white and blue alternating stripes and the seven pointed stars in the field. It is named for the British ship H.M.S. "Serapis" that John Paul Jones captured in one of the most famous sea battles of the Revolution. In winning the battle Jones's own ship the Bon-Homme Richard was so damaged that he was forced to abandon his sinking ship and transfer to the Serapis. It was this flag that flew above the Serapis when it sailed into the Dutch Port of Texel.

sonsofli.gif Sons of Liberty

This was the flag of the early colonist who had joined together in the protest against the British impositions on American economic freedom. One such protest was resistance to the Stamp Act, on October 7, 1765. A delegate from each of the nine colonies formed the "Stamp Act Congress" . They petitioned the king and parliament, the act was repealed on March 18, 1766. The flag of nine red and white stripes that represented these "Sons of Liberty" became known as the "Rebellious Stripes." On December 16, 1773, the Sons of Liberty protested the parliament's Tea Act, an action that became known as the Boston Tea Party. The colonists' believed the tax to be a violation of their legitimate economic liberty. Three and a half years after the Tea Party the thirteen colonies had come together in their decision to fight for independence and the nine stripes had grown to thirteen. The Sons of Liberty would rally under a large tree which became known as "The Liberty Tree".


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This page is maintained by Rosalie Wolfe - last updated 22 APR 2011